Dr. Ahmed Al-Jarrah the executive manager of Hikmeh Center for Dialogue and Cooperation
there are roles for the Marjiyyah such as sponsoring the components of Iraq society and the process of building the modern state , here before I mention the patterns of roles of the Marjiyyah I should present an abstract of the definition of the religious Marjiyyah :
Religious Marjiyyah is a religious position that people back to it in legitimacy principles and modern events . Shiites thinks that Marjiyyah has been proved by legitimacy evidence . He who confronts to it should be has the important things which are piousness and the most scientifically . By this a set of scientists encounter to Marjiyyah in every stage , every one of them has his special manner and Assiduousness in the encountering , also one of them individuates as highest Marjia who carries great responsibilities such as sponsoring the people , science and else.
AL- Marjiyyah of Holy Najaf represents the first one of Shiite society , so its imitators extend in several countries of the world . people back to it in expressing the new legitimacy principles , they communicate with it through the agents that deputize of it in the areas which contain its followers .
The most prominent characteristics of Marjiyyah are the scientific depth and the abnegation in life , this make society strongly link with it, and quickly response to what issue by it . The history of religious Marjiyyah confirms that with hard circumstances it remained steadfast to continue its activity and relation . it has played an important role not only on the Shiites level but on the level of Muslims in the different countries . here I mention the models of role of religious Marjiyyah in current Iraqi’s history:
First : Urging to the coexistence
We cannot understand the interesting of coexistence in isolation from conditions that passed on religions Marjiyyah especially in the era in which the rule of the criminal Saddam Hussein ,where did toward it various murder , displacement, torture , prion and else . which gave an ugly image of dictatorship , minority received all positions of the state, in all provinces of Iraq while the majority lived marginalization in all of its meaning .
And after the changing happened 2003 , the democratic process produced results impose that Shiites should take the position of prime minister , Shiites has been targeted every day . Finally this targeting crowned by Isis attack at 6/10/2014 on Shiites in north areas ,they announced the target behind that is Holy Najaf and Holy Karbala .
As Abu Mohammed Al-Adnany one of the most prominent leaders of Isis and the speaker of it said on news sites :
(Continue your crawling ,the fighting still is not Intensify ,there is no intensity , but in Baghdad and Karbala , so you should tighten your belts and should be ready ). And he followed directing his speech to prime minster (Indeed there is an liquidating account between us , heavy and long account , but the liquidating account will not be in Samarra or Baghdad , but in impure Karbala and polytheist Najaf . And wait we are waiting with you ). And else of statements .
Back to the changing after 2003 , this imposed on religious Marjiyyah great responsibilities some of them observing political process and working on sponsoring Iraqi’s components , this requires large balance of thinking , the responsibility changed to case of concern of retaliatory reactions , and beware from exploitation of silence and patience of majority , the Marjiyyah carried the heavy of responsibility and began directing continues recommendation to care democratic process that sponsor all components , beginning from working civil country that saved all rights through election boxes to saving process of shared decision and not marginalization any one .
When Samahat Highest Ayatollah AL-Sayyed AL-Sistany is asked about the form of rule system he answered: (The system that depends on consultation principle, pluralism and respect rights of all citizens) , and he answered in another position:(new form of Iraq is identified by Iraq’s people in all nationalities and sects and the mechanism of that is free , direct elections ) issued texts by AL-Sayyed AL-Sistany office , Hamid Al-Khafaf 301-302 .
Second : saving Iraqis blood
AL- Marjiyyah worked on this priority ,Iraqi’s people and the observers track the events that stormed Iraq beginning from the occupation process and interring foreign forces to day that companied by the formation of the temporary government and the process of preparing the constitution into exert pressure on citizens to prevent sectarian strifes especially after bombing AL-Askaryyan shrine in Samarra ,all that confirm the strong concern of the Marjiyyah on the blood of the Iraqi’s people and trying to stay away from what leads to the shedding of one drop of blood .
Grand Ayatollah AL-Sayyed Mohammed said AL-Hakeem has a dressed a letter into Iraqi people 2003:
(Iraq as many countries has collected different sects in religion , doctrine , nationalities and other affiliations . this is real matter that imposed itself on us ,we should confess it and live with it by wisdom and good conduct in a way that all avoid the problems and serious complications produced by disagreements and spats .
Whatever intensity of disagreements reached between groups and sects , it is not of wisdom to cancel some of them for other and assaulting on it and grabbing its right .
Because these lead to :
- Injustice to the truth .
- The cause of intolerance to another side that is ignored . whatever he was weak in his reality and his catching to it and responding to the calls of extremism , in a way that increase the gap of disagreement and then prevents the opportunities of meeting and rapprochement and dialogue .
- This leads to inflame the emotions , the hostility and hatred will take over in a way may be explode to bloody conflict and a strong strife hurt all and destroys the country and atomizes its Unity .
- This will be a gap to the enemies who lie in wait for us , and the profiteers who live in swamps and prey in murky water .
Enough of the recent past experience and what happed in this country from the devastation and grief which are a lesson people benefit in their affairs and correct their situations .
People of the same country should confess their reality in which they live and adapting with it by mutual respect between all and good mixing and cohabitation and giving each one his rights and feeling care , avoiding the friction that raises emotion , injures feeling (Letter of Samahat AL-marjea for dear Iraqi’s people 10 ) Samahat AL-Sayyed AL-sistany issued a statement after the event of explosion of Samara , the text is: ((The criminals and expiators who committed that flagrant assault want to make it a starting point for sectarian sedition in Iraq , they thought that this assault will bring them closer to achieve their malicious goals in this dear country , because they disable to ignite fire of sedition for more than two years since beginning of occupation , despite all they committed of atrocity butcheries in several places especially in Holy cities such as Najaf , Karbala , Kadhimia)) until to reach ((and Also we call the believers when they live this sad occasion and express their feelings toward what their Imams are suffixed of violation and assault , we call them to care utmost discipline , and don’t do any saying or doing that disservice to the citizens of our brothers of Alsunnah ,because they are sinless from this heinous crime and they dissatisfy in it ever .(issued texts, 172 )
Third : Demanding reforms and compliance with the law
AL-Marjiyyah not only observes the performance of governments , but there are continuous guidance to correct the march of government’s performance . It has been observed, and stupendous that religious Marjiyyah closed the door in front of politician and prevented their meeting in protest at the lack of response to the demands correcting government march. Samahat AL-Sayyed AL-Sistany has confirmed in more than once on the bad use of authority and the need to combat corruption , and he stressed on enable judiciary to do its role in accounting and punish corruption . (issued texts ,273), and last guidance was to Iraqi’s prime minister in order to bear full responsibility to do necessary reforms in Iraqi’s government and correct the judicial system .
We can see a set of chances that can contribute to do solutions to tackle current Iraq situation .
Some of these points should be seen by International organization seriously :
- working to unify the ideas toward supporting Iraqi’s government to enable it to fight terrorism forces in Iraq and follow up the implementation of reforms to promote the country from its bad reality to the best .
- regarding the point of view of religious Marjiyyah about terrorism because it mentions several matters :
- The terrorism do not represent AL-Islam in anyway .
- Investigative committees must be formed to follow up crimes and know the identity of the terrorist groups and sources of funding .
- The experience of civil society organization in Iraq , recent experience established after 2003 , it with all that offers of good performance but it stills need to support , develop and training .